Assisted Reproductive Technology
More than two decades ago, in an experimental procedure called in vitro fertilization (IVF), doctors joined a woman's egg and a man's sperm in a glass dish in a laboratory. For the very first time, conception happened outside a woman's body. Assisted reproductive technology (ART) is the application of laboratory or clinical technology to human egg or sperm and/or embryos for the purposes of reproduction. The continued development of new technologies in ART makes them remain as a complex area, scientifically and ethically, for both clinical practice and research.
Today, assisted reproductive technology (ART) refers not only to IVF but also to several variations tailored to patients' unique conditions. These procedures are usually paired with more conventional therapies, such as fertility drugs, to increase success rates. Almost one out of every three cycles of ART results in the birth of a baby. But ART procedures are invasive and expensive. Though no long-term health effects have been linked to children born using ART procedures, most doctors recommend reserving ART as a last resort for having a baby.
This technique involves retrieving mature eggs from a woman, fertilizing them with a man's sperm in a dish in a laboratory and transferring the embryos in the uterus three to five days after fertilization. In vitro fertilization (IVF) often is recommended when both fallopian tubes are blocked. It's also widely used for a number of other conditions, such as endometriosis, unexplained infertility, cervical factor infertility, male infertility and ovulation disorders. IVF increases your odds of having twins or other multiples if more than one embryo is transferred to your uterus. IVF requires frequent blood tests and daily hormone injections.
Any couples experience a great deal of difficulty in choosing an IVF unit. Many factors are involved in this decision, including cost, convenience, level of emotional and medical care, but one of the most important is success rate.