In vitro fertilization (IVF) is an assisted reproductive technology (ART) generally referred to as IVF. This is the most widely implemented ART procedure and has helped countless couples to realize their dreams of parenthood. IVF works by using a combination of medicines and surgical procedures to help sperm fertilize an egg, and help the fertilized egg implantation in the uterus. Generally, IVF is a four-step process that consists of ovulation induction, egg retrieval, fertilization in a laboratory, and embryo transfer to the mother's uterus.
Infertility, the failure to conceive by natural means, is a medical condition with high prevalence affecting nearly 10- 15% of married couples in India i.e. nearly 25 -33 million couples in the reproductive age suffer from infertility. It is estimated that while female factor accounts for 40-50% of infertility among couples whereas male factor infertility is on also on the rise and constitutes 30-40% of infertility. The success rate of IVF and the cost of the treatment in India are much more affordable when compared to western countries; this is why most of the people prefer travelling to India for the treatment. Regardless of increasing demand for infertility treatment, only 1% of infertile couples in India seek treatment. This is mainly due to the low awareness of infertility treatment among couples despite the high need for parenthood and the importance of social status associated with parenthood.
The ultimate advantage of IVF treatment is that it provides previously infertile couples, the opportunity to conceive children of their own, but there are many additional IVF benefits.
IVF treatment can help patients overcome a number of infertility problems. IVF is not, technically, a treatment for infertility. It is a means of sidestepping a problem which may be preventing pregnancy. Once a particular reason has been diagnosed, there are many successful treatments better suited for your condition than IVF. Having said that, there are certain conditions for which IVF is more useful.
IVF consistently provides the highest success rates of all assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatments. IVF has higher success rates for patients under the age of 35, but patients in their late 30s and 40s can also conceive with IVF. According to research published in the Medical Journal of Australia, women who undergo multiple In Vitro Fertilization cycles are more likely to have a live birth, with IVF success rates increase exponentially.
In fact, IVF can be more successful than IUI and other forms of ART. Thanks to technological advances, IVF success rates have been increasing year on year since its conception. While IUI and other forms of ART can be beneficial for some patients, in general, they have not undergone the same level of enhancement (as IVF) and do not currently have a high success rate as IVF.
There are times when a reproductive endocrinologist or fertility specialist may recommend using donated eggs and/or sperm. In these cases, the egg is fertilized in the clinic and an ensuing, viable embryo can be used for IVF, which increases your chances of getting pregnant the first or second time around. In-vitro fertilization isn’t limited to the mother of the baby; it can also be used by gestational surrogates. This can be beneficial to working single women, women who are physically unable to carry a baby full-term, to name a few.
Genetic screening is a powerful new technology that helps to make sure your baby is born healthy. These developments can make an authentic difference as birth defects happen in almost 1 in 20 pregnancies, ranging in severity from minor anatomic abnormalities to genetic disorders. By utilizing genetic screening – called preimplantation genetic screening (PGS) or preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) – you can ensure the foetuses used during IVF are free of known genetic markers. These can be linked to life-threatening medical conditions such as Down syndrome, Tay Sachs disease, sickle cell anemia etc.
With increasing age, the potential for chromosomally abnormal embryos in women considerably increases, regardless of the number of embryos produced. PGS can help women of all ages enhance their chances of a successful pregnancy. For individuals who are known carriers of genetic disorders (such as cystic fibrosis, Huntington’s disease and muscular dystrophy), IVF with PGS is one of the most reliable ways to guarantee that a child conceived will not suffer from the disorder. The tests are not done arbitrarily but, rather, if there is a family history of serious genetically-linked diseases or the mother and/or father tests positively for these diseases.
Women might consider options of fertility preservation for various reasons as if their fertility is at risk from a serious illness (such as cancer) or Couples who are much focused on careers and are not in a position to have a baby right now or single women. If time and circumstances allow, they may have IVF treatment and freeze embryos so they can get pregnant later on. It is possible to collect the eggs as if for IVF but freeze the unfertilized eggs for later use. This is a newer procedure which may also be used by young women who want to be sure to have their own healthy eggs available when they are ready to start a family. The eggs would then be thawed later for use with IVF.
Guru Multispecialty Hospital, Madurai is a comprehensive Infertility center with state-of-the-art technologies. It is one of the leading infertility & IVF center in Tamil Nadu, India – with commitment to provide world-class infertility care to one and all in need. This was established with the primary objective of making infertility treatment available, affordable and accessible to the common people. They are offering treatment for all types of infertility problems for both men and women including IVF treatment in Madurai. In spite of being the leading fertility center in Tamil Nadu, Guru Specialty Hospital also focuses on training centre in infertility and awareness programs on Advantages of IVF treatment.
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