Surgery relating to female reproductive system is called gynecological surgery. Women in many different stages of life and for many different reasons require gynecologic surgical procedures. Many gynecology problems can be relieved or helped by surgery.It is usually performed by gynecologists. There are a wide range of surgical procedures that have been developed to treat the various conditions that affect the female reproductive organs. These are minimally invasive surgeries with faster recovery, minimal pain, smaller incisions and shorter hospital stay.
Some common reasons for gynecology surgery:
Prolapsed uterus: Uterus has moved out of its normal position and down into the vagina. A prolapsed uterus may cause pain, infections or problems passing urine or having bowel movements.
Bladder or bowel problems: If the sides of the vagina become weak, the bladder and rectum can bulge into the vagina. Problems with the bladder (called cystocele) may cause pressure, pain, difficulty passing urine, incontinence or a frequent urge to urinate. Problems with the rectum (called rectocele) may cause pressure, pain, constipation or difficulty having bowel movements.
Fibroids: Fibroids are growths from the muscle of the uterus. The hormone estrogen makes them grow larger. They can grow on the inside or outside of the uterus. Fibroids are rarely caused by cancer. For many women, fibroids do not cause problems and don’t need treatment. In some women, fibroids can cause pain and heavy bleeding.
Endometriosis: Tissues similar to uterine tissues grow outside the uterus. During the period these patches bleed, but the blood cannot flow to the outside of your body. This can cause pain and scarring. Your periods may become heavy or irregular.
There are many types of gynecology surgery. Some women need more than one type of surgery done at the same time. Few are, Colposcopy, Cryosurgery, LEEP (Loop Electrosurgical Excision Procedure), Hysteroscopy, Pelvic Laproscopy and D & C (Dilation & Curettage)